Overview of increase hemoglobin:- A complex protein that contains an iron molecule, that complex protein is known as hemoglobin. The main function of hemoglobin is to transport oxygen from the lungs to the body’s tissues, and exchange oxygen for carbon dioxide, and then return the carbon dioxide to the lungs and where it is switched for oxygen. The iron molecule in hemoglobin helps preserve the normal shape of red blood cells.
what are normal blood counts?
Normal hemoglobin count is related to a person’s age and sex. The normal count may differ slightly between test systems, and which groups of doctors have determined “normal values” for their group of patients. However, the hemoglobin counts as anything below 13.5 grams per deciliter in men or 12 grams per deciliter in women, as per the Mayo Clinic.
Example of common categories
|AGE & SEX||RANGE (g/dl)|
|CHILD||13.50 – 24 g/dl|
|<1 MONTH||10 – 20 g/dl|
|1 – 2 MONTHS||10.0 – 18.0 g/dl|
|2-6 MONTHS||9.5 – 14.0 g/dl|
|0.5 – 2 years||10.5 – 13.5 g/dl|
|2 to 6 years||11.5 – 13.5 g/dl|
|6-12 years||11.5 – 15.5 g/dl|
|12-18 years||12 – 16 g/dl|
|>18 years||12.1 – 15.1 g/dl|
|12-18 years||13.0 – 16.0 g/dl|
|>18 years||13.6 – 17.7 g/dl|
Causes of low hemoglobin
Some people have naturally low hemoglobin counts without any underlying cause. Others have less hemoglobin but never have any symptoms.
|Iron, folic acid, or vitamin B 12 deficiency|
|Gastrointestinal blood loss|
|Red Blood cell synthesis problems|
|Bone marrow suppression by chemotherapy or radiation exposure|
|Urinary tract infections|
HOW TO INCREASE HEMOGLOBIN LEVELS
1. Eat iron and folate (vitamin-B)riched foods
Try to eat foods rich in these nutrients:-
- beef liver, and organ meats
- red meats (especially liver) and fish,
- fortified cereals and enriched bread,
- green beans and lentils,
- dried beans,
- leafy green vegetables,
- citrus fruits and juices,
- dried fruits and beans,
- baked potatoes.
2. Supplements of iron
If you require to increase hemoglobin levels by numbers, you may necessitate taking oral iron supplements. However, taking overdoses of iron can affect a condition called hemochromatosis. Overdosing of iron can lead to liver diseases such as cirrhosis, and other side effects, such as constipation, nausea, and vomiting.
Always consult with your doctor to find a safe dose, and at a time take 25mg, avoid taking more than 25mg. Men take up to 8mg of iron per day, while women should eat up to 18mg per day. If you are pregnant, you should aim for up to 27mg daily as recommends by The National Institute of Health’s Institute of Dietary Supplements.
3. Increase iron absorption
Try eating foods rich in vitamin C or take a supplement at the same time instead of eating something high in iron or take an iron supplement. Vitamin C helps to increase the number of iron your body absorbs. Use some fresh lemon (squeezed) over iron-rich foods to increase absorption. Rich in vitamin C foods like citrus, strawberries, dark, leafy greens.
Eat Vitamin A and beta-carotene, this can also help the body absorb more iron. Vitamin A and Beta-carotene in animal food sources, such as fish and liver, red, yellow, and orange fruits and vegetables, carrots, winter squash, sweet potatoes, mangos. You can also get vitamin A supplements, but before doing this first consult your doctor to figure out a safe dose. Having too much vitamin A can cause a potentially serious disease called hypervitaminosis A.
4. Symptoms to see the Doctor
Sometimes eating supplements and diet can not be fixed cases of low hemoglobin alone. In this case, contact your doctor if you have any of the following symptoms while trying to raise your hemoglobin level: pale skin and gums, fatigue and muscle weakness, a fast or irregular heartbeat, frequent headaches, frequent or unexplained bruising.